Rum, Sultanate of

   Seljuk (q.v.) state established in Anatolia (q.v.) after the battle of Mantzikert (q.v.), organized by its first ruler, Suleyman Ibn Kutlumush ca. 1078. Nicaea (q.v.), its first capital, surrendered to the forces of Alexios I Komnenos (q.v.) in 1097, after it was besieged by the army of the First Crusade (q.v.). After this, the capital was moved to Ikonion (q.v.). The sultanate declined in the 13th century, following the appearance of the Mongols in Asia Minor (qq.v.), and it disintegrated in the early 14th century.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Rûm — Rûm, also Roum or Rhum (in Arabic الرُّومُ ar Rūm , Persian/Turkish Rum ), is a very indefinite term used at different times in the Muslim world for Europeans generally and for the Byzantine Empire in particular, for the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm… …   Wikipedia

  • Rum (disambiguation) — Rum may refer to the following:* Rum, a spirit made from sugar cane by products such as molasses or sugar cane juice * Rûm was the term by which Muslims referred to the Christian Europeans in general, and the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) in… …   Wikipedia

  • Rûm Province, Ottoman Empire — Rûm (originally Arabic for Rome) was an Ottoman province in northern Anatolia, founded following Bayezid I s conquest of the area in the 1390s. The capital was the city of Amasya. After the capital was moved to at first to city of Tokat and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sultanate of Rûm — Infobox Former Country common name = Sultanate of Rûm native name = Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm continent = Eurasia region = Middle East status = Empire year start = 1077 year end = 1307 event start = Division from the Great Seljuq Empire event end …   Wikipedia

  • Rum —    Arabic term for Byzantium (q.v.), derived from the fact that the Byzantines, as they are called by modern scholars, referred to themselves as romaioi, meaning Romans, and, until 1204 (when the Latin Empire appropriated the term) to their… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Sultanato de Rüm — سلجوقیان روم Saljūqiyān e Rūm Sultanato de Rüm Sultanato …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malik Shah (Rûm) — This article is about the sultan of Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. For the sultan of Great Seljuks, see Malik Shah I. Malik Shah or Malek Shah or Melik Shah (Turkish: Melikşah; Persian: ملكشاه; also called Shahanshah; Turkish: Şehinşah; Persian:… …   Wikipedia

  • Sultanat der Rum-Seldschuken — Das Sultanat der Rum Seldschuken um 1190. Der Stern markiert die Hauptstadt Konya Das Sultanat der Rum Seldschuken (arabisch ‏السلاجقة الروم‎, DMG as Salāǧiqa ar Rūm; persisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suleyman I of Rûm — Suleyman I ( ar. سليمان بن قتلمش, Sulayman bin Kutalmish) founded an independent Seljuk Turkish state in Anatolia and ruled as Seljuk Sultan of Rûm from 1077 until his death in 1086. Suleyman was the son of Kutalmish, who had struggled… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Muslim dynasties — This is an incomplete list of Muslim Dynasties. Muslim Dynasties * Abbadid * Abbasid * Aceh * Aghlabid * Alaouite * Almohad * Almoravid * Ayyubid dynasty * Banu Isam * Banu Salih * Banu Ukhaidhir * Brunei * Buwayhid * Fatimid * Ghaznavid Empire * …   Wikipedia

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